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Abortion Essay

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What is abortion? An abortion is the medical process of ending a pregnancy so it does not result in the birth of a baby. It is also sometimes known as a ‘termination’ or a ‘termination of pregnancy’. Depending on how many weeks you have been pregnant, the pregnancy is ended either by taking medication or by having a surgical procedure. The law on abortion in the uk: Abortion is legal in England, Scotland and Wales up to the 24th week of pregnancy. However, if there is a substantial risk to the woman’s life or if there are foetal abnormalities there is no time limit.

To comply with the 1967 Abortion Act which covers UK mainland (England, Scotland and Wales) but not Northern Ireland, two doctors must give their consent, stating that to continue with the pregnancy would present a risk to the physical or mental health of the woman or her existing children. Different religious views on abortion: Islam- Islam teaches that life begins at conception and is created by God. The unborn child has certain rights such as the right to care, protection and life. Abortion on any grounds is forbidden in the Islamic holy book Al’Quran. Do not kill or take a human life which God has declared to be sacred. ” (Chapter 6,verse 151)

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Christianity- Look in the booklet you got. Buddisham- In Buddhism there is no central authority on ethical matters but the Dalai Lama has spoken in favour of abortion under certain circumstances. In 1993 he said: “Of course, abortion, from a Buddhist viewpoint, is an act of killing and is negative, generally speaking. But it depends on the circumstances. If the unborn child will be retarded or if the birth will create serious problems for the parent, these are cases where there can be an exception. (Quoted by Clive Erricker inBuddhism, Hodder & Stoughton, 1995 (page 119) Atheists and agnostics for life- Many atheists and agnostics view abortion as a violation of human rights and hold pro-life opinions for this reason. As one pro-life atheist who once had an abortion commented: “for the atheist who believes that when you die, your life is over… there will be no comforting of this being by a heavenly father, angels or relatives after a torturous death; there will be no mere re-incarnation transfer.

Thousands of times each day unique, never-to-be again, individual beings have their one and only chance at life terminated. ” Pro life Pro-life campaigners aim to protect the right to life from conception, through life to then having a natural death. They believe that all life, including that of a foetus, is precious and should not be ended. Your pregnancy, your foetus primarily, is important to these groups and they place great significance on the development of it deeming abortion ‘unjust and discriminatory’.

While they are completely for your right to choose what you do with your own body and whether or not you have sexual intercourse they are firmly against your right to choose an abortion. There are also groups that do not believe in abortion due to religious beliefs. You should try not to be swayed by opinions other than your own and, while this can be difficult, if you find out the information for yourself you can then make an informed decision that is right for you. Pro choice

Pro-choice campaigners aim to ensure that women have the right to choose whether or not to continue with a pregnancy. They believe that the Abortion Act 1967 should be modernised and that safe, legal abortions should be made readily available to all women as and when they need it. Your right to choose what you do is imperative to these groups and they feel that the law should be changed to reflect this, removing the need for a doctor to assess you to determine your need for an abortion. They also believe that abortions provided through the NHS can be restrictive and quite often are delayed.

Pro-Choice groups are trying to get the current law brought in line with the majority of current public opinion and the mains areas of focus are: * Around three quarters of British people believe that you should be able to make your own decision about having an abortion * To remove the need for a doctor to assess you in line with the current laws and approve your abortion request * To extend the law to women in Northern Ireland so that no longer have to travel to access abortion services * To reduce NHS waiting times and make the delay between your appointment and abortion no more than three weeks no matter which NHS Trust you go through