Article Reviews

American Revolution Turning Point Essay

Posted on

Between the years 1763-1776, there were many issues and events that made the year 1763 a turning point that led to the American Revolution. Britain tried to hold more power over the colonies and many disputes were held over this issue. The year 1763 was a turning point that led to the American Revolution because of the economic laws and acts previously passed, the political grip that Britain had on the colonies, and the earlier relations between Britain and America. The economic issues rose in the Americas and between the colonies about Britain were often pointed towards the new acts and laws passed during this time.

Because of the French-Indian War, Britain needed money, and in order to get that money needed they taxed the colonies in America. The first indirect tax was the Sugar Act. The sugar act placed an indirect tax on molasses and sugar. The indirect tax means that the tax was just placed into the price of the molasses and sugar instead of being seen as a separate tax and the colonist didn’t rebel as much towards this act because they couldn’t tell as easily that they were being taxed. The first direct tax imposed on the colonies was the stamp act in 1765.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

The stamp act added a tax on all legal documents. This included birth certificates, marriage licenses, and property. The colonists were able to see the tax that was being placed onto the paper and this riled the colonists. They believed this was a sign of less independence for them because Britain was making them pay money to them. The Stamp act was met with many petitions and protested and was finally repealed on March 18, 1766, but to show that the Parliament hadn’t lost complete hold on the colonies they issued the Declaratory Act.

The Declaratory Act declared that the Parliament had the same hold on the American colonies as it did on Britain and it was able to pass laws binding the American colonies. Another act and law passed that limited the freedom of the colonists and led to the American Revolution was the Quartering Act. The Quartering Act declared that the American colonist must allow for any soldiers to lodge in their homes and they would have to pay for their food.

This was also an event that led to the American Revolution because they didn’t feel they had a lot of independence because they had to have people come into their homes and they had to take care of them without their actual consent. All these acts led to the American Revolution mainly because of the fact that they were limiting the colonist’s freedom and independence. Britain had a political grip on the American colonies that also led to the American Revolution. A main event that the Americans felt controlled on was the Navigation Acts. The Navigation Acts restricted foreign shipping trade only for English.

This meant that the colonies were only allowed to trade with Britain. This limited their export options and also their import because they didn’t trade with other countries, the other countries didn’t trade with them. Another rule was that only British ships could transport imported and exported goods from the colonists. Sugar, tobacco and wool were only exported to British ports. This put a tight grip on the American colonies because they were not allowed to trade with anyone else except the British and they also had to pay a fee when they were bringing things into Britain.

This placed a tight grip on the colonies and caused them to rebel against the Navigation Acts. Another factor that made the Navigation acts challenged was that because of the English Civil War and Glorious Revolution, they didn’t enforce the Navigation Acts most of the time so there was a lot of smuggling and bribing. After the French and Indian War, they tried to enforce the Navigation Acts but were unsuccessful because the colonist were not used to this so they rebelled against them. The Navigation Acts were finally revoked in 1849.

The Theory of Mercantilism also created tension between the two groups. Mercantilism was an economic philosophy underlying early European colonial policy. It increased wealth of England. The American hated mercantilism because the British reaped all the benefits and they drained the U. S. economy. The grip that Britain held on the colonies was a very wrong decision because instead of controlling the colonies it made them even more rebellious. Before 1763, Britain and American had a pretty good relationship. Following the French- Indian war their relationship rapidly diminished.

Because of the proclamation of 1763, Britain was the sole arbiter of land transaction at the west; this was a direct threat on their independence because it made them in charge of their land. The Writs of Assistance was also used as a way to inform the colonists of the hold that Britain had on the colonies. The Writs of Assistance was started by James Otis. The Writs of Assistance convinced the colonist that the Parliament had a strong hand in colonial lie and was prone to tyranny. The Parliament at this time was abl to alter the constitution as it wished.

These factors presented a great threat to the freedom of the colonies. Before the French-Indian war, the British and the colonies had a strong and good relationship but because of their greed to control the colonies it destroyed their bond and created a more resistant and rebellious nation. Their acts at trying to control the colonies and have a strong grip on all of their doings backfired and actually made them weaker and have less authority over the colonies. Their attempts to control the colonies were a mistake and overall were a loss in their current control.