On a farm in Scotland on August 6, 1881, an amazing person was born. This amazing person was Alexander Fleming. As a boy he roamed the countryside with his 8 siblings who lived with him in a desolate area of Scotland. The Fleming children had a love for the flora, fauna and merry weather that surrounded their farm for miles. Fleming won a scholarship to St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School in London. He went on and passed exams and completed his medical training at the Royal College of Surgeons in England.
In that same year he published a paper on a field he would excel with in the future, immunology. He also wrote more papers on immunology and chemotherapy and original descriptions of lysozyme and penicillin. Over the next few years he worked in a laboratory of the Royal Army Medical Corps as a doctor in World War I. He saved many lives with his discoveries. While doing further research, Fleming accidentally made a huge discovery.
In his cluttered lab, he saw that in a contaminated lab culture a common mold, like that found on stale bread, was growing The staph bacteria in the contaminated dishes had been killed around the mold. He called this mold penicillin. Today penicillin is used to treat all kinds of bacterial infections. Fleming received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945, which he shared with Howard Florey and Ernst Chain who finished Fleming’s work. He was knighted in 1944. Sir Alexander Fleming died on March 11th in 1955