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Black Sox Scandal Thesis Essay

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The 1919 Chicago “Black Sox” scandal is one of the biggest instances of sports deception in professional sports history. It was the one and only known time where members of a professional sports team had thrown the World Series because of bribery. It revolved around a major New York gangster named Arnold Rothstein, who supplied the money to all of the players that were involved in the throwing. One particular player out of the starting nine was “Shoeless” Joe Jackson, an all star and a future Hall of Famer.

He was one of the first players in the court case who pleaded guilty for taking money to intentionally lose the 1919 Baseball World Series. After the court ruling, Jackson told reporters, “The jury could not have returned a fairer verdict, but I don’t want to go back to organized baseball–I’m through with it. ” This quote shows how he really felt about the entire situation and how sorry he is to his fans and the entire world for what he did. But what did he do exactly? He received a $10,000 payment from Rothstein, the New York Gangster.

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But oddly enough, his batting average (total hits divided by attempts) in the series was higher than his average compared to his batting average for the rest of the 1919 season. This fact is what raised eyebrows worldwide. Why should one of the best players in baseball history be accused of fixing a series even though his batting average was better than his normal average? But he still accepted the $10,000 bribe; it does not make logical sense. And the lawsuit prevented Jackson from participating in the Major League of Baseball and banned him from the Hall of Fame.

Even though he accepted the money, Jackson should still be inducted into the Hall of Fame. Main reasons of this are his possible innocence, his ignorance to what he was saying when taking the money, and other cheating players who have cheated their way into the Hall of Fame. Before the announcement of the fix even came out, there was always a conspiracy looming around the 1919 White Sox team. It was the only way to explain their 5-3 game loss to the Cincinnati Reds team. It was the only possible explanation. The White Sox . 87 batting average to the Reds’ . 263, a . 38 slugging percentage to the Reds’. 342, and a homerun total of 25 to the Reds’ 20. Judge Hugo opened the case of State of Illinois vs Eddie Cicotte on June 27, 1921. All players and coaches of the 1919 Chicago White Sox World Series team attended. The players faced charges of “…conspiring to defraud the public, conspiring to defraud Sox pitcher Ray Schalk, conspiring to commit a confidence game, conspiring to injure the business of the American League, and conspiring to injure the business of Charles Comiskey. ”