Egypt and Mesopotamia had many differences in political structures, beliefs, and economy. These civilizations existed around 3200 B.C.E-1150 B.C.E.
Egypt’s ruler was called a Pharaoh. Pharaohs were humans who were believed to be in contact with the Gods themselves. Many thought of them as Gods because of this. The pharaohs were built pyramids to house them and their family and/or servants bodies when they passed. Mesopotamia was made out of city states. These city-states were each self-governing. Egyptians believed in a positive afterlife. They believed that mummifying the pharaohs after death would preserve their bodies for the afterlife. Mesopotamia did not believe in the same sort of afterlife. Mesopotamia did not have as much of a positive experience with their gods.
Their prayers lacked the quality of relationships between them and their Gods. In Egypt, the Nile would flood once a year depositing rich soil on the ground. Agriculture thrived and provided a surplus of food. The Nile would flood around the same time each year allowing workers to predict when the next flood is coming. Mesopotamia was near the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. These rivers often caused damage from flooding. It was very hard to predict when these floods were coming. The location of Mesopotamia did not provide them with natural barriers between them and other civilizations. Mesopotamia was in an area with very little natural protection allowing more invasions. Around 3200 B.C.E was the beginning of Egypt and Mesopotamia. These civilizations lasted until around 1150 B.C.E. There was many differences and similarities between Egypt and Mesopotamia like political structures, culture, and economy.