During the 1830’s and 40’s there was alot of religous revival swept throughout America. There were multiple ministers and preachers who scared people about hell. This period of time was known as the Second Great Awakening. The Second Great Awakening didn’t have much affect on the South because of the abolistionist movements that went hand to hand with the awakening. The grassroots movements were very successful in achieving their goals involving women’s rights, abolition, public education, and prison reform.
So many women were involved in the Second Great Awakening which made Women’s Rights a great part of the grassroots movements. The women were successful in women’s right reform. Many women fought for women’s property rights. At the Seneca Falls convention women insisted that they get enfranchisement (more political privilages) by putting foward their “Declaration of Rights Sentiments. ” Theodore Weld and James Birney were very big supporters for abolition of slavery.
Theodore and James were both a large part of the achievements of the abolitionist movements during the Age of Reform. They were different from normal abolitionists because they were for gradual abolition instead of racial aboliton. It was a far more dangerous route of abolition of slavery. This was a more proper path to take because others like John Brown simply lead reckless raids killing many people. Theodore and James both did much petitioning to Congress to end the abolition of slavery and were enormous civil rights advocates.
One of Theodore Weld’s best accomplishments was setting up a school in New Jersey that accepted all people regardless of race or sex. Prison reform was a big subject al through the Age of reform. Dorthea Dix was a very well known leader of prison reform. Dorthea campaigned to peple in teh Massachusetts legislature. She preached on the horrible treatment of the mentally ill and the atrocious stae prison cells were. Her presistence created improved conditions in jail cells greatly contributing to prison reform.
Education was also a big issue. Some of the leaders in education reform were Horace Mann and Noah Webster. Noah Webster played a big part of the function in education reform. He was somtimes called “Schoolmaster of the Republic”. He was also able to advance school textbooks. He spent twenty years working on a dictionary known as the Webster’s Dictionary. Hoarce Mann spent alot of time talking about how we needed longer school terms and more extended set of courses, and more pay for the instructors.