Islamic-state: 4 modern arab thinkers
Taha Hussein’s primary mean of expressing his thoughts is through writing. His literary work was not just influenced by Greek thought but it is also reflected in the books he wrote about politics and civilization. He has influenced the Arabic literature through his works that tackled battles for enlightenment, respect of reason and thought and women’s emancipation. Most of his writings reflected his belief that religious dogma and everyday secular practice are part of the reality of life. He also argued that Early Arabs had no inhibitions about borrowing from both Greek and Persian civilizations and that contemporary Arabs should not be averse to borrowing from the Western civilizations.
On the other hand, Ruhollah Musayi Khomeini’s teachings often focused on the importance of religion to the emerging social and political issues of today. He believed in Muslim unity and solidarity and the export of Islamic revolution throughout the world. According to him, the establishment of Islamic-State World-wide belongs to the great goals of the revolution. However, unlike others who hold full devotion to Islam, Khomeini put emphasis on international revolutionary solidarity and expressed his support for the PLO, the IRA, Cuba and the South African anti-apartheid struggle.
Abul Ala Maududi on his side believed that Islam required the establishment of an Islamic State. According to him the state would be a “theo-democracy” and underlying it would be three principles, namely, tawhid (unity of God), risala (propethood) and Khilafa (caliphate). Mawdudi believed that the sovereignty of God and the sovereignty of the people are mutually exclusive and he declared Islamic democracy as the antithesis of secular Western democracy which is based on hakmiya (sovereignty) on the people.
Muammar Qaddafi based his leadership on a new regime on a blend of Arab nationalism. He called his system as Islamic Socialism. He believed in the promotion of nationalism among Arab nations. He was accorded as the one of the main figure and guide in Arab revolution in Libya.
These four modern Arab thinkers differ in their views in terms of welcoming western thoughts and practices and how to possibly re-introduce Islam to the western part of the world. They all tried to share their thoughts in Islamic State and reforms through their literature and their leadership.
Qaddafi , Muammar (1970). The Green Book.