Contrasts Between Nomadic and River Civilizations
When analyzing the problems of former civilizations, subsequent societies are able learn from errors and triumphs of the past. The nomads and the pastoralists faced trials and difficulties; however, the solutions were very different. These two societies had contrasting ideas when it came gender roles, economic development, and political structure systems.
Nomadic and Urban societies differed in the roles between women and men. Nomads recognized the strengths and weaknesses the different sexes possessed. Men were valued for their physical strength, whereas women gathered plants for food, and tended to the younger generation. Because of their interdependence, men and women were considered to be equal. On the other hand, the river civilizations believed men to be superior in all things, not just physical strength. Men had dominant roles in political, religious, and social tasks. As time went on, women’s rights were reduced, and they possessed few freedoms. These freedoms included the occasional job, and ownership of small amounts of property. Furthermore, women were regarded as a means to improve the family’s social status. This was accomplished through marriage. Not only were there variances in gender roles, Nomadic and urban societies additionally differed in economic development.
The development of economies contrasted greatly between the River societies and nomads. The Nomadic civilization’s survival relied solely on their ability to hunt animals and gather food. They additionally traded with other hunter-gather societies through kinship ties. However, the urban societies took a different approach. Rather than depending on hunting and gathering, they instigated a stable society centered on rivers. This ultimately led to the construction and establishment of irrigation systems. Through this new invention, leaders and political institutions eventually surfaced. This provided the river civilizations a much more established social class, which was not apparent in the nomadic civilization. The differences in economic development initiated contrasting political systems.
Political structures, as well as gender roles, and economic development, varied immensely. Nomads and pastoralists did not possess political roles based on wealth or power, but rather on necessity and common interests. In comparison, River civilizations adopted a more involved political structure. This encompassed multiple social hierarchy classes such as monarchs, warriors, peasants, merchants, and prostitutes. The opposing societies had conflicting political systems.
Variances between the nomads and river people are found in gender roles, economic development, and political systems. On one hand, the nomadic people valued both sexes as equally valuable; on the other hand, the people of urban civilizations found superiority in men. Nomads additionally took part in a more straightforward, less complex society in which they depended on their skills in providing food. However, the river civilizations looked at the problem in a more logical way, and discovered solutions such as irrigation systems. Furthermore, political developments of the nomadic communities were centered around simple ideas such as necessities, while river societies relied on different social hierarchy leadership. Studying two differentials past civilizations causes the modern world to be capable of advancement.