1. Normalization, according to Montessori, is a process where the child finds himself/herself in a particular piece of work that meets his/her needs. This is when a child is in harmony within his environment. The child loves order, constructive (purposeful) activity, and self-discipline. The characteristics of Normalization are when (1) a child who makes a decision from real choices and not from idle curiosity, (2) attached to reality, (3) sublimation of the possessive instinct, (4) love silence, (5) polarization, (6) have limited movement, (7) they love to repeat, (8) characterize happiness.
When a child can follow the exact presentation in metal insets, moveable alphabet, etc. the child is exhibiting normalization. This will also be noticed when the child is curtailing his impulse or replacing the materials back to the respective shelves. There are steps to normalization it starts with preparation of an activity which involves the gathering of materials, second is movement and thought are involved in the presentation of the activity and lastly rest which is feeling of satisfaction and well-being. . Development of the will is the ability to choose to do something with concenscious intent and it develops through study and it is strengthen through practice. It cannot be seen for this is a child’s internal process. 3. When a child refuses and obeys the ground rule despite of the golden opportunities that is when he is exercising his will. This process is done when the physical and psychological needs are met.
If a child per se waits before he takes his turn in a Montessori material that is being used by another kid, he exhibits the exercising of the will. One example could be is when a kid puts the moveable alphabet back into its respective shelf first then proceeds in taking the metal insets. The child followed the rule instead of bending to his own desire of getting another apparatus and doing it right away. 4. Observation skills are essential to the Montessori classroom teacher.
Observation opportunities are designed for the student to focus on various elements of the classroom and to develop the ability to observe the developmental processes within individual children and to assess their needs according to Montessori principles. As a Montessori teacher, one of the most basic skills must be the objective, careful observation to each child. The observation includes not only the materials used by the children, but the physical, social, emotional and intellectual development of each individual child.