Charles Baudelaire is described the word, flaneur as “prince who everywhere rejoices in his incognoito. ” According to Baudelaire’s definition of the flaneur, there is no clear distinction between different persona in the poem “Song of Myself” written by Walt Whitman. I observed that the poem is and is not adequately described in his notion of self, universe, sex, political belief, and life. The poem, “Song of Myself,” is written in first person. Throughout the plot, the narrator mention “I,” and “myself,” and for deeper self, he called “Me Myself” and the “Soul. Also, he shares his idea of self, universe, religion, sex, and political beliefs with readers, addressing as “You,” in the poem with the 1st person narrative.. The poet gives his name “Walt Whitman. ” in section 24 of “Song of Myself,” which is not usual. It does not mean that the narrator is the biographical Walt Whitman who wrote the poem, but the character “Walt Whitman,” comes from real Whitman’s dream. However, when the character, Whitman, is portrays himself by explaining atmosphere in detail, it makes readers to think that other person describe him instead observing himself alone.
This is because, when the poet mentions his name, the readers make separations between the character “Whitman” in poem which is the narrator, and the poet “Whitman. ” This causes the readers to start putting themselves on the narrator’s shoes, that is consistantly addressing as “I” in the poem. Also, When the narrator is described himself, it is very descriptive like a flaneur. From the beginning of the poem, “Song of Myself,” the narrator says, “What I assume you shall assume,” in section 1. It blends singular and plural of individuals and breaks down distance between a number of people.
This proves that everyone is equal in democracy. the narrator mentions himself as a “Kosmos,” or entire universe. He knows exactly how everyone feels, and holds everything, which redecides the boundary between the self and the world. He has been all over the world including outer space. I think that the poet observes and comprehends from other experiences or books, therefore, he uses the word from Shakespeare’s language for the dramatic, in Section 28, “You villain touch! What are you doing? My breath is tight in its throat, unclench your floodgates, you are too much for me. Moreover, the narrator’s self is America and nature similiar to himself. To show his identification, a catalog is used by listing variety of adjectives to describe multiple professions and people that he meets on his life across the States such as “The group of newly-come immigrants cover the wharf or levee,” in section 15. This technique is shown as the view of observer. In the poem, he says that he becomes part of people what he explained in section 15 of “Song of myself” and they help to create the self.
Later, in section 26, the narrator also lists the different types of voices, “Voice of the interminable generations of slaves/ Voices of prostitutes and of deformed persons/ Voices of the diseased and despairing, and of thieves and dwarfs,” by Whitman to demonstrate democracy in action. In addition, He presents that “copulation is no more rank to me than death is” in section 24 to be visible the naturalness of taking pleasure in the body’s physical possibilities. Also, he says, he believes in the flesh and the appetites, hence, I can predict that he is participated in the action.
He shows that how he controls sex drives and instinct in human beings. Apart from the previous scene, the narrator, “Whitman” teaches how the passion for physical and spiritual is equally for democracy. In section 11, a woman sees twenty eight men bathing and desires to be with them. When she joins them, with physical contact with spiritual communication, two bodies are together through with the “unseen hand. ” The imagery is extremely erotic, and the language is extraordinary vivid. The Narrator is telling his readers that they must not only observe the democratic life but they must become one with it.
When the narrator explains this scene, the first person shifts to the third person point of view. As for his political beliefs, the narrator is clearly against slavery in the Civil War. He shelters a runaway slave. But he doesn’t hate Southerners for slavery. He just wishes everyone would realize that they are brothers and sisters and get along. He is democrat and believes the America. Moreover, after the war, his dad died, shown as “with dimes on the eyes walking” in section 42. He was in the sorrow. This is visible that the narrator is not separated from the situation.
Nevertheless, the poet, Walt Whitman uses the metaphor of grass to explain the democratic self, in addition, it help to unify entire country and people. In “Song of Myself,” he says, a child asking “what is the grass? ” in section 6 and he is inability to give the right answer about democracy. He can only tell a child that he sees the democratic self in young and old women, which indicate all people. In “Song of Myself. ” the poet writes from the beginning of the journey begins with introducing his soul.
They just be with and “loafe” in the grass like babies, that used to be loafing, in section 1. At the last section, it is shown that he has to leave to continue on next journey. He says, “I bequeath myself to the dirt to grow from the grass I love,/If you want me again look for me under your bootsoles. ” It depicts that he becomes one with nature after he die. His body composed and he may start new journey from sprout and grass with new spiritual. He thinks human being is part of nature. The poet, Whitman focused on the life of individuals from birth to death.
In conclusion, through out the poem, “Song of Myself”, the poet is used many different kind of figures of speech which help readers to make better comprehension of the poem. Also, these causes to be more interestested. Furthermore, readers can think about the self as individuals, in universe, and among others. I would like to exclaim that “Song of Myself” contains both persona, which is and is not appropriately along with Baudelair’s term in the narrator’s notion of identity, nature, erotic instinct, political opinions, and life.